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ODPS Ohio Emergency Management Agency Mitigation Planning


Planning


The Mitigation Branch develops and maintains a comprehensive state and local mitigation planning program, which includes:

  • Developing and maintaining the State Hazard Mitigation Plan,
  • Providing training and technical assistance to local communities on Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) development, and
  • Reviewing LHMPs prior to their submittal to FEMA for approval.

A hazard mitigation plan is a strategic/guidance document used by an entity to reduce future risk to life and property. A hazard mitigation plan has the following elements:

  • A public participation process for bringing together diverse stakeholders in the jurisdiction(s) to provide an array of input into the plan,
  • A risk assessment to identify the hazards, determine the people and property subject to those hazards, and estimate vulnerability,
  • A mitigation strategy that contains goals, objectives and an action plan to implement priority mitigation actions that reduce risk,
  • A maintenance process to ensure the plan is reviewed, updated and does not sit idle, and
  • An adoption requirement to ensure the participating jurisdictions support the plan.

Currently, Ohio is a national leader in LHMP development. All 88 counties have developed FEMA approved LHMPs. LHMPs are required to be updated every five years in order to maintain eligibility for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs. For information on which communities are covered under a county LHMP, please click on “Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) Status Map”.

State of Ohio Standard Hazard Mitigation Plan (SHMP) 2014


Mitigation planning is the process state and local governments use to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with natural hazards and to develop long-term strategies for protecting people and property from the effects of future hazard events. The mitigation planning process involves identifying and profiling natural hazards that will most likely occur, as well as assessing the vulnerability of people, critical facilities and structures. The plan identifies the states mitigation strategy, which helps guide local mitigation planning and project efforts.

According to the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA2K), states must have an all hazards mitigation plan approved by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in order to remain eligible for federal mitigation and public assistance funds associated with a presidential disaster declaration.

The State of Ohio Standard Hazard Mitigation Plan was first approved by FEMA in 2005. The 2014 plan revision details Ohio’s highest priority hazards: river/stream flooding; tornadoes; winter storms; landslides; dam/levee failure; wildfire; coastal flooding; earthquakes; coastal erosion, drought; severe summer storms; invasive species and land subsidence hazards. The 2014 Ohio mitigation plan also integrates the State Hazard Analysis, Resource and Planning Portal (SHARPP), a web-based system that captures and disseminates state and local hazard mitigation planning and project information.

Mitigation is one phase of the emergency management cycle that also includes: response, recovery, and preparedness. Mitigation activities can be undertaken both before and after a hazard event. Some common types of mitigation activities undertaken in Ohio include: the enforcement of zoning and floodplain regulations, the acquisition or elevation of flood-prone structures, and the construction of safe rooms to protect people during wind events.


Table of Contents/List of Acronyms
Executive Summary


Section 1: Introduction

Section 1 Introduction


Section 2: Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment

2.1 - HIRA Overview & Hazard Identification Summary
2.2 - Flood
2.3 - Tornado
2.4 - Winter Storm
2.5 - Landslide
2.6 - Dam/Levee Failure
2.7 - Wildfire
2.8 - Seiche/Coastal Flooding
2.9 - Earthquake
2.10 - Coastal Erosion
2.11 - Drought
2.12 - Severe Summer Storms
2.13 - Invasive Species
2.14 - Land Subsidence
2.15 - Future Potential Areas of Risk
2.16 - Consequence Analysis


Section 3: State Mitigation Strategy

Section 3 Mitigation Strategy


Section 4: Local Mitigation Program Coordination

Section 4 Local Mitigation Program Coordination


Appendixes

Appendix A: State of Ohio Disaster History
Appendix B: Repetitive Loss Summary
Appendix C: State-Owned Buildings & Critical Facilities
Appendix D: Status of County/Local Mitigation Planning Efforts
Appendix E: 2014 Mitigation Action Plan Table
Appendix F: FEMA Mitigation Program Funding Summary
Appendix G: Mitigation Project Evaluation Forms
Appendix H: FEMA DR-4098 Mitigation Strategy and Administrative Plan
Appendix I: Ohio Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis
Appendix J: State Hazard Analysis, Resource and Planning Portal (SHARPP)
Appendix K: Rural Electric Cooperative Addendum




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