ODPS Ohio Emergency Management Agency Mitigation Frequently Asked Questions

General Questions

What is mitigation?

Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from natural and man-made hazards and their effects.

If I sign a voluntary interest form, does that mean that I have to sell my home?

No. All of FEMA’s mitigation grant programs are voluntary. Neither FEMA, nor the State, nor your local community will use eminent domain to acquire your home."

If I rent my home and the owner participates in a grant program and sells the house to the community, what happens?

Tenants who must relocate as a result of acquisition of their housing are entitled to Uniform Relocation Act (URA) relocation benefits regardless of the owner’s voluntary participation. This includes replacement housing rental increase and utility increase payments. Also, a community has the option of providing moving expenses and non-URA relocation assistance.

What is duplication of benefits?

Grant funds cannot duplicate or be duplicated by funds received by or available to Applicants, subapplicants, or project participants from other sources for the same purpose, such as benefits received from insurance claims, other assistance programs (including HMA programs), legal awards, or other benefits associated with properties or damage that are or could be subject of litigation. FEMA will treat benefits that are reasonably available as a duplication of benefits (DOB), even if the benefits were not sought or received.

What is HAZUS-MH?

HAZUS-MH stands for Hazards U.S. Multi-Hazard. HAZUS-MH is a loss estimation and risk assessment software for analyzing potential losses from floods, hurricane winds and earthquakes. In HAZUS-MH, current scientific and engineering knowledge is coupled with the latest geographic information systems (GIS) technology to produce estimates of hazard-related damage before, or after, a disaster occurs. For more information on HAZUS-MH or to obtain the software, visit FEMA’s website at

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